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Following on from another thread in which Maggie May had told us about words which were used in Statements which were not understood by many parents and they had to looked up just to understand the words.
Following this i have put together a useful guide of words which often appear in SEN statements and what the abbreviations actually mean.


ADD: Attention Deficit Disorder.

ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

AS: Asperger's syndrome.

ASC: Autistic Spectrum Condition

ASD: Autistic Spectrum Disorder.

Aspie: an informal name for someone with Asperger's syndrome.
CAMHS: Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service are organised on a locality basis. These services are staffed by health professionals who specialise in working with young people and families who are experiencing emotional, developmental and psychiatric problems. Referrals to these services are normally made via your G.P. or other members of the Primary Health Care team.

Disapplication: The removal or lifting of a programme of study.

DISCO: Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Problems.
DLA: Disability Living Allowance is a benefit available to children and adults with a disability who are under 65 years old, and who need help with day to day activities.

DX (or dx): Diagnosis.

Dyscalculia: A condition that affects the ability to acquire arithmetical skills. Dyscalculic learners may have difficulty understanding simple number concepts, lack an intuitive grasp of numbers, and have problems learning number facts and procedures.

Dyslexia: A learning disorder causing impairment of the ability to read.

Dyspraxia: is generally recognised to be an impairment or immaturity of the organisation of movement. Associated with this may be problems of language, perception and thought.

EarlyBird : The NAS EarlyBird Programme is a three month programme which combines group training sessions for parents with individual home visits when video feedback is used to help parents apply what they learn, whilst working with their child.

EarlyBird Plus: The NAS EarlyBird Plus programme, is aimed at families with children between the ages of 4 and 8 years with a diagnosis of an Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

EBD: Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties.

EP Educational Psychologist

GF/CF: Gluten Free / Casein Free (diet).

HFA: High Functioning Autism

Hyperlexia: is a syndrome observed in children who have the following characteristics: Precocious ability to read words far above what would be expected at the chronological age. Significant difficulty understanding and using verbal language or a significant nonverbal learning disability. Difficulty in reciprocal interactions.

IEP: Individual Education Plan is a planning, teaching and reviewing tool. It is a working document for all teaching staff recording key short-term targets and strategies for an individual pupil that are different from or additional to those in place for the rest of the group or class. The interventions will be provided under Early Years Action, Early Years Action Plus, School Action, School Action Plus and statements of SEN.

IPSEA: Independent Panel for Special Educational Needs. Voluntary support for special education.

Kinesthetic learninglearning through play or activity

NAS: National Autistic Society

NT: Neuro-typical - a term used for people without autism.

Note in lieu: Sometimes LEAs send parents a note in lieu of a statement after an assessment when the decide not to issue a statement. It should describe a child's needs and the provision necessary to meet them. It should also have attached to it all the professional advice collected as part of the assessment. The main difference between a note in lieu and a statement is that the note in lieu is not binding in law. This means that LEA's do not have to arrange the provision set out in them.

OT: Occupational Therapy/Therapist. a child's ability to access the physical and learning curriculum.

OCD: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.

ODD: Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Parent Partnership Services: provide advice and information to parents whose children have special educational needs. They provide neutral and factual support on all aspects of the SEN framework to help parents play an active and informed role in their child's education. Although funded by the local education authority they provide a service to parents and are often either run at arms length from the authority or by a voluntary organisation to ensure parents have confidence in them.

PECS: Picture Exchange Communication System.

Portage: planned, home-based educational support for pre-school children with special educational needs usually provided by the LEA.

School Action: This is the first and lowest of the 3 stages of formal SEN support, when a class or subject teacher identify that a pupil has special educational needs they provide interventions that are additional to or different from those provided as part of the school's usual differentiated curriculum offered and strategies. An IEP will usually be devised.

School Action Plus: This is the second of the 3 stages of formal SEN support, when the class or subject teacher and the SENCO are provided with advice or support from outside specialists, so that alternative interventions and additonal or different strategies to those provided for the pupil through School Action can be put in place.

SEN: Special Educational Needs.

SENCO SEN Coordinator: member of staff of a school or early education setting who has responsibility for coordinating SEN provision within that school.

SEN Tribunal: Parents whose children have special educational needs can appeal to the Special Educational Needs & Disability Tribunal against decisions made by local education authorities (LEAs) in England and Wales about their children's education.

Special School: a school which is specially organised to make special educational provision for pupils with special educational needs.

SPLT or SALT - Speech and Language Therapy: the role and aim of speech and language therapy is to enable children with speech, language and communication difficulties (and associated difficulties with eating and swallowing) to reach their maximum communication potential and achieve independence in all aspects of life.

Statement of Special Educational Needs: this is a document issued by an LEA following an assessment when the LEA believes that a child needs provision over and above what is available in a school. Part 3 of a statement specifies the special education provision to be made and an LEA is legally bound to arrange this provision.

Statutory Assessment: Statutory assessment is a formal assessment under the 1996 Education Act which involves the collection of advice (see above) from as many people as possible in order to build a picture of a child's special educational needs and the support needed to meet those needs.

Stim: Stimming: short for self-stimulation, like rocking, humming or tapping

PDD - Pervasive Development Disorder

PDD-NOS Pervasive Development Disorder - Not otherwise specified
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